November 29, 2008

[Eng-English; Asm-Asamese; Ben-Bengalese; Guj-Gujarati; Hin-Hindi;
Kan-Kannada; Mal-Malayalam; Ori-Oriya; Pun-Punjabi; San-Sanskrit;
Sin-Sinhalese; Tam-Tamil, Tel-Telugu; Urd-Urdu]

 

Note: Most popular common names other than English are indicated by an asterix (*)

 

Abrus precatorius L.  (Fabaceae)

Eng: Rosary pea; Asm: Latuwani; Ben: Gunch; Guj: Ratti; Hin: Ratti; Kan: Gulugunji; Ori: Gunja; Pun: Ratti; Mal: Kunnikkura; Mar: Gunja; San: Gunjaa; Sin: Olintha; Tam: Kundumani; Tel: Gumginja.

 

Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet: (Malvaceae)

Eng: Country mallow; Ben: Potari; Hin: Kanghi; Kan: Tutti; Mar: Petari; Mal: Velluren; San: Atibala; Sin: Anodha; Tam: Thuthi; Tel: Tuturabenda

 

Acacia leucophloea      (Mimosaceae)

Eng: Whitebark acacia; Hin: Safed babul; Kan: Bellada; Mal: Velvelam; Mar: Himvar; Ori: Goira; San: Arimedah; Tam: Velvel

 

Acalypha indica L.     (Euphorbiaceae)           

Eng: Indian Acalypha; Ben: Muktajhuri; Guj: Vanchi Kanto; Hin: kuppi, Kokhali; Kan: Kuppugida; Mal: Kuppameni; Mar: Kupi; San: Aristamanjari; Sin: Kuppameniya; Tam: Kuppai-meni; Tel:  Harita-manjari, Kuppi;

 

Achyranthes aspera var.aspera L.   (Amaranthaceae)

Eng: Prickly-chaff flower; Hin: Chirchita; Mal: Kadaladi; San: Apamarga;

Sin: Gas karal heba; Tam: Nayuruvi; Tel: Antisha

 

Acorus calamus L.   (Acoraceae)

Eng: Sweet flag; Asm: Bach; Ben: Bach; Hin: Bach*; Guj: Godavaj, Vekhand; Kan: Baje; Mal: Vayambu; Mar: Vekhand; Ori: Bacha; Pun: Boj, Warch; San: Vacha, Sin: Wathakaha; Tam: Vasamboo; Tel: Vasa.

 

Adhatoda vasica Nees    (Acanthaceae)

Eng: Malabar nut; Ben: Besak; Hin: Adulasa, Vasaka; Mal: Adalodekam; San: Vasaka;

Sin: Adathoda; Tam: Adathodai; Tel: Adda saramu

 

 

 

 

Aegle marmelos (L.) Correa    (Rutaceae)

Eng: Bael; Asm: Bel; Ben: Bel; Guj: Biliva phal; Hin: Shriphal, Bel; Kan: Bilva patre; Mal: Vilvam, Koovalam; Mar: Bel; Ori: Bela; Pun: Bil; San: Bilwa, Shriphal; Sin: Beli, Tam: Vilvam; Tel: Bilva pandu; Urd: Bello.

 

Aerva lanata (L.)Juss.ex Schult     (Amaranthaceae)

Eng: Mountain Knot Grass; Kan: Bill himdi soppu; Mal: Cherupoola; Mar: Kapurmadhuri ; San: Astamabyata, Pashanabheda; Sin: Polkudupala; Tam:  Sirupeelai, Thenkaypoo keerai; Tel: Pindi donda

 

Allium sativum L.      (Alliaceae)

Eng: Garlic; Asm: Naharu; Ben: Rasun; Guj: Lasan; Hin: Lashun; Kan: Belluli; Kon: Lossun; Mal: Velulli; Mar: Lasun; Ori: Rasun; San: Lasuna; Sin: Suthu Lunu; Tam: Vellaipoondu, Ulli; Tel: Tellagadda.

 

Alocasia macrorrhizos (L.)G.Don    (Araceae)

Eng: Giant taro; Hin: Mankanda; San: Hastkarnah; Sin: Habarala; Tam: Verukan Kilanku

 

Aloe vera (L.) N.Burm.      (Asphodelaceae)          

Eng: Aloe; Asm: Chalkunwari; Ben: Ghritakumari; Guj: Kumarpathu, Kunvar;

Hin: Ghee kunvar, Guar patha; Kan: Lolesara; Mal: Kattarvazha kumari; Mar: Korphad; Ori: Gheokunri; Pun: Ghikur, Kawargandal; San: Ghritakumari; Sin: Komarika; Tam: katralai; Tel: Chinnakata banda, Kittanara.

 

Alpinia galanga (L.) Sw.     (Zingiberaceae) 

Eng: Greater galangal; Hin: Bara Kulanjan; Mal: Pera-ratta; San:  Kulanjana;

Sin: Kaluwaba; Tam: Aratthai, Peraratthai; Tel: Pedda-dumparashtrakamu

 

Alpinia officinarum Hance    (Zingiberaceae)

Eng: Lesser galangal; Hin: Chhota-kulanjan; Mal: Chittarata; Sin: Alugas;

Tam: Chitharathai; Tel: Sanna-dumparashtrakamu

 

Alternanthera sessilis (L.) R.Br.Ex.DC.      (Amaranthaceae)

Eng: Water amaranth, Sessile joyweed;  Hin: Garundi;  Mal: Ponnankanni kirai ; Mar: Kanchari ; Ori: Madaranga ; San:  Matsyaksi ;  Sin: Mukkunuwanna ; Tam: Ponnankani ;  Tel: Ponnagantikura

 

Amorphophallus paeoniifolius (Dennst.) Nicolson     (Araceae)

Eng: Elephant yam; Hin: Jamikand; Mal: Cena, Chand; San: Suran; Sin: Kidarami

 Tam: Senai-kilangu, Karanai-kilangu

 

 

 

Andrographis paniculata (N.Burm.)Wall ex Nees        (Acanthaceae)

Eng: The great king of bitters; Ben: Kalmegh; Guj: Kariyatu; Hin: Kirayat*; Kan: Nelabaru; Mar: Olikiryata; San: Bhunimba, Kirata; Sin: Bim Kohomba; Tam: Nilavempu; Tel: Nelavemu.

    

Areca catechu L.     (Palmae)

Eng: Areca nut, Betel nut; Asm: Tambul; Ben: Supari, Gua; Guj: Supaari; Hin: Supari; Kan: Adike; Mal: Adakka, Pakka; Mar: Supari; Ori: Gua; San: Pooga; Sin: Puwak; Tam: Kamuhu, Pakku; Tel: Poka-Vakka.

 

Aristolochia bracteolate Lam.      (Aristolochiaceae) 

Eng: Bracteated birth wort; Tam: Aadutheendappalai, Asduthinnappalai

 

Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.     (Moraceae)  

Eng: Jack fruit; Ben: Kathal; Hin: Kathal; Kan: Halasinna hannu; Mal: Plavu, Chakka; Mar: Phanas; San: Panasa; Sin: Kos; Tam: Pala; Tel: Panasa

 

Asparagus racemosus Willd.    (Liliaceae)

Eng: Indian Asparagus; Asm: Shatamul; Ben: Shatamuli; Guj: Satawari*;

Hin: Sahansamuli, Shatamuli, Satwar; Mal: Shatavari; Mar: Shatavarimul;

Ori: Shatamuli; San: Hiranya sringi, Shatavari, Shatamuli; Sin: Hathavariya;

Tam: Shatavari, Thanneervittan kilangu; Tel: Challagadda; Urd: Satawar

 

Azadirachta indica A. Juss.     (Meliaceae)       

Eng: Neem; Asm: Neem; Ben: Neem; Guj: Limba; Hin: Neem*; Kan: Turakabevu; Mal: Ariya-vepu; Mar: nimbay; San: Nimba; Sin:  Kohomba; Tam:  Veppamaram; Tel: Vepachettu; Urd: Neem

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